Usually a result of poor hygiene, gingivitis is a inflammation of the gingival tissue.
Symptoms for gingivitis are : red, swollen gums, bleeding gums, bad breath, gum recession, thermal sensitivity.
Causes of gingivitis are: medication, smoking, diabetes, genetics, malnutrition, pregnancy, puberty, menopause, certain medical conditions.
Gingivitis can be prevented by: brushing and flossing twice a day, brushing for at least 2 minutes, using an antimicrobial mouthwash, healthy diet, choosing the right toothbrush (or power toothbrush), gentle brushing technique.
Periodontitis is an oral health condition in which the gum tissue becomes infected and inflamed, the bone loss is evident and the teeth can become mobile. As periodontitis is allowed to progress, the gum will recede and the roots will be exposed causing cold or hot sensitivity. Pockets may form between the teeth and gums.
Such cases can be easily prevented with regular visits to Lawrence Park Dentistry for cleanings and examinations. Clenching or grinding the teeth can cause damage to the gum and may contribute to the development of periodontal disease. In cases in which the bone has been lost, the solution is bone grafting. Soft tissue grafts may also be used to strengthen thin gums.
Periodontal flap surgery is used to reduce the pockets between the teeth and gums created by gum disease.